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Question 1. Asked on :17 June 2019:11:25:45 PM

#### Show that one and only one out of n, n+2 or n+4 is divisible by 3, where n is any positive integer.

-Added by ATP Admin Mathematics » Real Numbers

Solution: Using Euclid's division lemma any positive integer can be written in the form of a = bq + r where r = 0, 1, 2 ...... and q is quotients.

Let the number which is divisible by 3 be 3q + 0 or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 where [0 <= r < b]

Now n = 3q or n = 3q + 1 or n = 3q + 2

Case I,

When n = 3q  .......... (i)

⇒ n = 3(q) where n is divisible by 3

Adding 2 both sides in equ. (i)

We have,

n + 2 = 3q + 2 Where n + 2 is not divisible by 3

Now adding 4 both side in equ. (i)

We have,

n + 4 = 3q + 4 Where n + 4 is not divisible by 3

Case II

Taking n = 3q + 1 ........ (ii) where n is not divisible by 3

Adding 2 both sides in equ. (ii)

We have,

n + 2 = 3q + 1 + 2 = 3q + 3

n + 2 = 3(q + 1) where n + 2 is divisible by 3

Now adding 4 both sides in equ. (ii)

n + 4 = 3q + 1 + 4 = 3q + 5 where n + 4 is not divisible by 3

Case III

taking n = 3q + 2 .... (iii) where n is not divisible by 3

Adding 2 both sides in equ. (iii)

We have,

n + 2 = 3q + 2 + 2 = 3q + 4 where n + 2 is not divisible by 3

Now adding 4 both sides in equ. (iii)

We have,

n + 4 = 3q + 2 + 4 = 3q +6

n + 4 = 3(q + 2) where n + 4 is divisible by 3

Hence in all these three cases we have seen that either one and only one n or n + 2 or n + 4 is divisible by 3.

-Answered by ATP Admin On 17 June 2019:11:28:43 PM(2038Average Rating Based on rating)

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